Child Psychology & Child Development Level 3


Child Psychology

The Child Psychology course is for people who wish to gain an understanding of the principles and practice of Child Psychology, and the development of children.

Child Development

The Child Development course covers the biological and psychological changes that occur in human beings between birth and the end of adolescence as the individual progresses from dependency to increasing autonomy.



Child Psychology & Child Development Course at Level 3

  • Course code: BUN02
  • Delivery method: Online or Paper Based
  • Course duration: 12 Months
  • Entry requirements: No prior qualification needed
  • Award achieved: Certificate of Achievement by ABC
  • Awarding body: ABC

Child Psychology

  • The First Year of Life
  • The Formation of Attachments
  • Consequences of breakdowns in attachments
  • The Home, Family and School
  • Basic principles of Research Methods
  • The Development of Visual Perception
  • The Development of Language and Communication
  • Intelligence and Intelligence Testing
  • The Nature/Nurture debate in the Study of Intelligence
  • Data Collection and Interpretation
  • How Children think
  • Learning Theory – How Behaviour is Acquired
  • Freud’s Psychodynamic Theory – An Alternative Approach
  • Moral Development
  • The Development of Gender Roles
  • Aggression in Children
  • Methods Used in Child Development Research
  • Play
  • Learning in School
  • Behaviour Modification

Child Development

Unit 1: Pregnancy
Unit 2: Parenthood
Unit 3: Development of the Child
Unit 4: Diet, Health and Care of the Child
Unit 5: Support for the parent and child and child

Course Content

Child Psychology

1. The First Year of Life

Infant reflexes; Social development during the first year of life including the social smile and onset of

fear of strangers.

2. The Formation of Attachments

Imprinting; Attachment (Bowlby) including cross-cultural studies; Harlow and surrogate mothers;

Relevance of animal studies in child development.

3. Consequences of Breakdowns in Attachments

Maternal deprivation; Implications of theories of attachment and maternal deprivation when

placing children with surrogates.

4. The Home, Family and School

Group vs family care and the studies of effects of maternal employment and father absent families;

importance of peers and siblings.

5. Basic Principles of Research Methods

Nature and purpose of research, the features of experiment, supporting and refuting hypotheses,

independent and dependent variables, control of variables, standardised instructions and procedures,

methods of sampling, design of investigations.

6. The Development of Visual Perception

Introduction to the nature/nurture debate on visual perception; Fantz; form perception; Gibson and

Walk; depth perception; how the physiology of the human visual system helps us judge depth and

distance; Bower; size constancy; animal experiments on early sensory deprivation.

7. The Development of Language and Communication

Development of non-verbal communication in humans, gestures etc.; comparisons with non-human

primates; outline of language development in humans; including naturalistic observational in humans;

innate and reinforcement theories.

8. Intelligence and Intelligence Testing

Definitions of intelligence; mental age and IQ; tests of intelligence; advantages and disadvantages of

IQ testing.

9. The Nature/Nurture Debate in the Study of Intelligence

Twins studies; stability of IQ; Are early experiences decisive for later development?

10. Data Collection and Interpretation

Tables and histograms, correlation and scattergrams; Mean; Range; Drawing conclusions from data.

11. How Children Think

Piaget’s theory of cognitive development; including studies of egocentrism and criticisms of his work.

12. Learning Theory “How Behaviour is Acquired”

Learning and conditioning – classical conditioning and operant conditioning; positive and negative reinforcement; Social Learning

13. Freud’s Psychodynamic Theory an Alternative Approach

Personality structure, 5 stage theory, criticisms.

14. Moral Development

Definition in psychological terms; investigation of moral behaviour, moral feelings and moral


15. The Development of Gender Roles

Sex-typing; Gender identity; Biological, social and cultural theories.

16. Aggression in Children

Biological basis of aggression; psychological theory and aggression; Aggression as a learned response;

imitation of aggression; viewing violence; punishment for aggression; sex differences in aggression.

17. Methods Used in Child Development Research

Observational, Survey, Correlational, Experimental – advantages and disadvantages.

18. Play

The importance of play to learning;

Piaget’s theory of play; forms of play;

Relevance of psychological theories to pre-school education;

Play and learning in nursery schools; Play therapy.

19. Learning in School

Programmed learning and its relationship to learning theory advantages and disadvantages;

Discovery learning and its effectiveness.

20. Behaviour Modification

Explanation and examples; relationship to learning theory; Points systems, advantages and disadvantages.

Child Development

Unit 1: Pregnancy

  • The female reproductive system and the role and importance of the baby’s support systems
  • The causes of infertility
  • The different forms of contraception
  • The importance of a healthy lifestyle
  • How genetically inherited diseases can be managed
  • The possible signs and symptoms of pregnancy and miscarriage
  • The importance of a healthy lifestyle and regular health checks
  • The importance of the birth plan and
  • The signs and stages of labour
  • Pain relief options
  • The medical assistance available during labour
  • The health checks required following the birth of the baby
  • The possible causes for babies crying and the range of solutions available
  • The impact of a new baby on the family
  • The impact for a mother following the birth of her baby

Unit 2: Parenthood

  • The changing nature of the family in today’s society
  • The impact on a child’s development
  • The range of sources of stress and its impact on parenting capacity
  • The realities of planning for a family
  • The essential equipment and clothing needed for a baby and the safety, financial and environmental issues
  • The ability to undertake a risk assessment within the home
  • The necessary skills to undertake basic first aid and treatment of minor injuries

Unit 3: Development of the Child

  • The concept of a child’s developmental milestones and factors which can have a positive or detrimental impact on their development
  • The factors that influence a child’s development and what children need to safeguard and promote their welfare
  • Knowledge and understanding of both gross and fine motor skills
  • Intellectual Development
  • Social and Emotional Development
  • Learning and Play

Unit 4: Diet, health and care of the child

  • The nutritional needs for under-5s
  • The nutritional and emotional benefits of breast feeding
  • Sterilisation techniques and the methods of food preparation
  • The behaviours behind food refusal in young children
  • The role of parents in understanding the nutritional needs of under- 5s
  • Food allergies and food intolerance
  • The importance of hygiene and appropriate clothing
  • The impact of family and environmental factors on the well-being of children
  • The symptoms of childhood diseases and the support services available

Unit 5: Support for the parent and child

  • The types of child care support available
  • The potential benefits and disadvantages of in-home care v nursery group care
  • Educational and developmental provision
  • The importance and relevance of the Early Years Stage Curriculum
  • The value of partnership working
  • Sure Start and Book Start programmes
  • The role of health visitors in undertaking developmental testing
  • The effects on the family of children with a special need and the support provided
  • The statutory legal requirements for the education of under-5s
Qualification Information

At the end of this course successful learners will receive a Certificate of Achievement from ABC Awards and a Learner Unit Summary (which lists the details of all the units the learner has completed as part of the course).

The course has been endorsed under the ABC Awards’ Quality Licence Scheme. This means that Kendal Publishing Ltd on behalf of UK Distance Learning & Publishing has undergone an external quality check to ensure that the organisation and the courses it offers, meet certain quality criteria. The completion of this course alone does not lead to an Ofqual regulated qualification but may be used as evidence of knowledge and skills towards regulated qualifications in the future. The unit summary can be used as evidence towards Recognition of Prior Learning if you wish to progress your studies in this sector. To this end the learning outcomes of the course have been benchmarked at Level 3 against level descriptors published by Ofqual, to indicate the depth of study and level of demand/complexity involved in successful completion by the learner.

The course itself has been designed by UK Distance Learning & Publishing to meet specific learners’ and/or employers’ requirements which cannot be satisfied through current regulated qualifications. ABC Awards’ endorsement involves robust and rigorous quality audits by external auditors to ensure quality is continually met. A review of courses is carried out as part of the endorsement process.

ABC Awards is a leading national Awarding Organisation, regulated by Ofqual, and the Welsh Government[1]. It has a long-established reputation for developing and awarding high quality vocational qualifications across a wide range of industries. As a registered charity, ABC Awards combines 180 years of expertise but also implements a responsive, flexible and innovative approach to the needs of our customers.

Renowned for excellent customer service, and quality standards, ABC Awards also offers Ofqual regulated qualifications for all ages and abilities post-14; all are developed with the support of relevant stakeholders to ensure that they meet the needs and standards of employers across the UK.

[1] Regulators for exams and assessments in England and Wales.

Method of Study

The course comes to you as a paper-based pack delivered by courier.

You will be given guidance through the Study Guide on the nuts and bolts of studying and submitting assignments.

Postal assignments cannot be accepted without prior permission from the tutor.


Online Version

Our online courses are fully digitised versions of the paper-courses, so you can study on any PC or smart device when connected to the internet.

As with the paper course, your online learning programme is completely flexible, so you can study at a pace that suits you.

All of our online course content is broken down into bite size chunks to make your learning more manageable and effective.

Method of Assessment
Course Length Information
Tutor Support

Additional information

Online or Paper

Online, Paper


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Paper based courses are only available for UK deliveries. Online courses are available for UK and International students. Dismiss